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in的用法

介词 prep.
1.(表示位置)在…里面; 在, 于; 在…部位上
I could feel the tension in the room.
我可以感觉到房间里的紧张气氛。
They live in France.
他们住在法国。
2.(表示时间)在…时期, 在…之后, 在过程中
In her twenties and thirties she had had no difficulty getting jobs.
她在二三十岁时找工作一点也不困难。
I cannot see you now, come back in half an hour.
我现在不能见你, 半小时后回来。
3.(表示方向)往…内, 朝…方向
I saw him go in the shop.
我看到他走进了商店。
4.(表示状态)处于…之中, 在…情况下
Martin was in his pyjamas.
马丁穿着睡衣。
They were living in terrible poverty.
他们生活在极度贫困之中。
5.(表示方式)用, 以, 按, 乘, 以…形式
They were speaking in Italian.
他们在讲意大利语。
They went up in the lift.
他们乘电梯上楼了。
6.(表示原因)由于, 为了
He went in fear of his life.
他为自己的性命担忧, 所以走了。
7.(表示领域, 范围)在…以内
It is not in my power to do that.
做那事非我力所能及。
8.(表示结果)当做, 作为
What did you give him in return?
你给他什么作为报答呢?
9.(表示目的)为了
They set off in search of the lost child.
他们出发去寻找走失的孩子。
10.[表示职业、活动等]从事于,参加
11.[表示数量、程度、比例]按,以;从…中
12.[表示品质、能力等]在…之中;在…身上
I don't think he had it in him.
我认为他没这个本事。

副词 adv.
1.进入, 入内
The door being opened, they came in at once.
门一打开, 他们就马上进来了。
2.在家, 在里面
My wife won't be in until five o'clock.
我妻子要到五点钟才在家。
3.到达, 来临
Is the ship in yet?
船到港了吗?
4.当政, 当选
This year the Conservative Party is in.
今年保守党执政。
5.正当时令, 正当流行
Honey peaches are in now and we can eat them every day.
现在水蜜桃正上市, 我们每天都可以吃到。
6.向某处;向某方向;在附近;来到
My mother will fly in this evening.
我母亲今晚将飞抵这里。
7.(火等)燃烧着;(灯等)亮着
Keep the fire in.
让火一直烧着吧。
8.(运气等)正好转;(油井)正出油;(潮水)正上涨
9.一致;同意;赞成
10.(游戏、比赛等)轮到
11.在狱中
What crime is he in for?
他因什么罪而蹲监狱的?
12.流行;时兴
Those scarfs are in this year.
今年流行那种围巾。

形容词 adj.
1.在内的,在里面的;朝内的
2.(车等)到站的;(船等)进港的
3.在位的;当政的;当权的
4.[口语]流行的;时兴的 ,入时的;赶时髦的

常用词组
be in for
1. 必定会遭到,免不了遭受(尤指坏事)
It looks as if we're in for a storm.
我们看起来似乎要遭受一场暴风雨。
in all
1. 总共, 合计
in and out of
1. 频繁出入(房子);频繁进出(机构)
He was in and out of jail for most of his twenties.
他二十几岁时几乎一直频繁进出监狱。
in on
1. 熟悉内情
in so far as
1. 在…的范围内
In so far as you are a student, you are free to use the library.
只要你是学生,便可免费使用该图书馆。
in with
1. (非正式)与…交好
The Krays were in with a couple of well-known MPs.
克赖一家与几个著名的国会议员有很好的交情。
the ins and outs
1. (非正式)详情
习惯用语
in for
1. 保证得到或拥有
You're in for a big surprise.
你肯定会大吃一惊
in that
1. 因为


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